The Arvada Municipal Code contains a medical exemption and definitions that, when combined, provide a variety of exemptions for qualified purchases.
Purchases by Licensed Practitioners
The term doctor, practitioner, licensed physician, and licensed practitioner of the healing arts include medical doctors, chiropractors, dentists, osteopaths, podiatrists, and veterinarians licensed by the State of Colorado to practice medicine
Taxable purchases include office equipment, medical equipment and instruments, office supplies, and other supplies - (See Taxable Products). If sales tax was not charged on these purchases or if the properly imposed tax is less than Arvada's tax rate, the business is responsible for paying the appropriate amount of use tax to the city.
All sales of prosthetic devices, therapeutic devices, or medical supplies that are purchased and resold for the direct, personal use of a specific individual in accordance with a written recommendation of a licensed practitioner or furnished as part of the professional services provided to the patient (item must leave with the patient) are exempt from Arvada sales tax or use tax.
Prosthetic devices shall mean any artificial limb, part, device, or appliance for human use which aids or replaces a bodily function; is designed, manufactured, altered, or adjusted to fit a particular individual; and is prescribed by a licensed practitioner of the healing arts. Prosthetic devices include, but are not limited to:
- Artificial - body parts or appliance for human use which aids or replaces a bodily function
- Dental (see a dentist and dental labs)
- Cardiac or pacemakers
- Hearing aids including related accessories such as batteries, testers, and hearing aid savers
- Corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses
- Oxygen concentrators and oxygen with related accessories
- Orthopedic devices or appliances
- Orthotics (custom-made)
- Prosthetics (custom-made)
Items that do not qualify as a prosthetic device:
- A one-size fits all type of device that can be adjusted by an individual for a better fit. (ex. a brace, supports, and lifts)
Therapeutic device means devices, appliances, or related accessories that correct or treat a human physical disability or surgically created abnormality. All sales of therapeutic devices if such a device, appliance, or related accessory has a retail value of more than $100 and is sold in accordance with a written recommendation from a licensed doctor would be exempt.
A therapeutic "device" is defined as a piece of equipment or a mechanism designed to serve the special purpose of correcting or treating a human physical disability or surgically-created abnormality. An "appliance" is defined as a piece of equipment for adapting a tool or machine to a special purpose. In order to qualify for the exemption as a therapeutic device, an item must be a piece of equipment or a mechanism. This term suggests a degree of permanence, with the capability of repeated use, as opposed to a supply item that is used once and then discarded. The therapeutic device includes but is not limited to:
- Alternating pressure pumps and pads
- Continuous pressure motion machines
- Intermittent pulsating pressure breather
- EMS Devices (Electrical Muscle Stimulator)
- Oxygen equipment
- TENS units (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulator)
- Suction equipment
Items that do not qualify as a therapeutic device:
- Boot cradles
- Exercise equipment
- Heel protectors
- Hot tubs
- Support hose
- Tracheostomy supplies
- Whirlpools baths
Medical supplies are exempt only when the supplies are sold for the direct, personal use of a specific individual. Any other use of these supplies by service-based businesses would not be exempt. Businesses providing service or testing are the consumers of the supplies if the product is not transferred to the patient. Medical supplies shall include:
- Prescribed drugs
- Insulin, hypodermic needles, and syringes used only for insulin
- Glucose used for the treatment of insulin reactions
- Insulin measuring devices
- Urine and blood-testing kits and materials
- Wheelchairs Hospital beds
- Corrective eyeglasses (including frames) or contacts
- Hearing aids including related accessories such as batteries, testers, and hearing aid savers
- Drugs and materials when furnished by a doctor as part of professional services provided to the patient
Drugs and materials when furnished to a patient by a doctor as part of professional services are exempt. "Furnished by a doctor" means the materials must leave the doctor's office with the patient, as opposed to being used by the doctor and then disposed of by the doctor. Disposable items used once for one patient and then discarded are considered to be consumed by the doctor and are not provided by the doctor to the patient. Such materials are therefore taxable. Items that qualify as materials furnished by a doctor include:
- Adhesive tape
- Casting materials
- Lamino roll
- Splints or sutures
Prescription drugs for humans mean a drug that, prior to being dispensed or delivered, is required by the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, 21 USC. Sect. 301, et. seq., as amended, to state at a minimum the symbol "Rx Only", and is dispensed in accordance with any written or electronic order dated and signed by a licensed practitioner of the healing arts, or given orally by a practitioner and immediately reduced to writing by the pharmacist, assistant pharmacist, or pharmacy intern, specifying the name and any required information of the patient for whom the medicine, drug or poison is offered and directions, if any, to be placed on the label.
Prescription drugs for animals mean a drug that, prior to being dispensed or delivered, is required by the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, 21 USC. Sect. 301, et. seq., as amended, to state at a minimum the symbol "Rx Only", and is dispensed in accordance with any order in writing, dated and signed by a licensed veterinarian specifying the animal for which the medicine or drug is offered and directions, if any, to be placed on the label.
Prescription Drugs - "Drugs" are substances, not devices or their components, parts, or accessories, intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in individuals and animals. "Prescription drugs" are those which:
- Prior to being dispensed or delivered, are required by federal law to bear, at a minimum, the symbol "Rx Only"
- Are, in fact, dispensed, delivered, or administered to a person or animal by, or pursuant to the direction of a licensed practitioner of the healing arts or veterinary medicine
Prescription drugs are exempt from Arvada sales/use tax when dispensed pursuant to a written order of a licensed practitioner of the healing arts. Prescription drugs are also exempt when administered by, or pursuant to the direction of, a licensed practitioner of the healing arts or veterinary medicine.
Purchases by Patient
Purchases by individuals are taxable unless the item is included within an exemption in the Arvada Municipal Code and the purchase is made in accordance with a prescription or written recommendation from a licensed practitioner other than "over-the-counter" medications.
Purchases by Medical Facilities
Hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, or other medical facilities are businesses that provide medical care. As such, purchases by these businesses are generally taxable. However, many hospitals qualify as tax-exempt organizations or are owned and operated by governmental entities. Direct sales to tax-exempt organizations, for use in the conduct of their tax-exempt functions, and all direct sales to governmental entities, are exempt from tax.
Taxable purchases include office equipment, medical equipment and instruments, and other supplies - (See taxable products). If sales tax was not charged on these purchases or if the properly imposed tax is less than Arvada's tax rate, the business is responsible for paying the appropriate amount of use tax to the city.
If a separate charge is made by a medical care facility for certain items used by the patient, the charge is a taxable sale. The facility must have a sales tax license and must collect sales tax even if the facility is a tax-exempt entity. These items are taxable if the patient buys the same items outside of the hospital, and they include but are not limited to:
- Admission kits
- Baby supplies
- Bath oil
- Braces and supports
- Commode pan
- Denture supplies
- Disposable diapers
- Disposable pillow
- Foot cream
- Garment bag
- Hand lotion
- Ice bucket
- Incontinent supplies
- Maternity kits
- Shaving supplies
Replacement or Repair Parts - Exempt Medical Equipment
A component part for exempt medical equipment or an exempt prosthetic device is also exempt from sales tax. If the component part is clearly identified by the manufacturer as a part of such equipment or device, the part may be purchased exempt from tax. If the component part is not clearly identified by the manufacturer as a part of such equipment or device, the purchaser must pay sales tax at the time of purchase.
- Mary goes to her local drug store to purchase insulin measuring and injecting devices. This transaction is not subject to sales and uses tax.
- Dr. Johnson administers a dose of prescription-strength pain reliever. This pain reliever is a controlled substance bearing the brand "RX Only". A separate charge appears on the patient's billing for the drug. The charge is exempt from sales tax because the drug is a prescription drug and is administered by a licensed practitioner of the healing arts.
- Dr. Johnson also purchases a case of tongue depressors for use in routine examinations. The tongue depressors are consumable supplies used in the ordinary course of Dr. Johnson's medical practice and are discarded immediately after use in the doctor's office. This transaction is subject to sales and uses tax.
- Dr. Smith purchases Novocain in bulk to be administered to his patients while performing medical procedures. His purchase of the Novocain is not subject to sales and use tax.
Note: This information is a summary in layman's terms of the relevant Arvada tax law for this subject, industry, or business segment. It is not intended for legal purposes to be substituted for the full text of the Arvada tax code. However, the tax guide shall be used in conjunction with the Arvada tax code (chapter 98) in determining tax liability.